First, what is Reality?
It can be one of two worlds: inner
subjectivity or what our senses bring out for us.
Although it is very difficult to
establish a "normal" perception condition, probably the best shot
is that your are "normal" when no thought takes care of your subjectivity,
when you might otherwise, as Freud defines thinking, that either it is figuring
out on what or how to do something, or would be in a "problem" state.
In a paradoxical way you have to be "empty" to have a better sense
about what the outside world is feeding your senses, or rather, when our "conscience"
favors these sensations, because, there is no way to be empty unless you loose
The equivalent perception to inner
subjectivity is an area ob enormous contention by philosophy, psychology, etc.,
but in our case, I prefer to limit it to a subject's personal perspective, feelings,
beliefs, desires or discovery, as opposed to those made from an independent,
objective, point of view.The inner basic sense I think it is space and time,
and it's hard to think of something without categorizing these values and, as
matter of fact to me, The Critic of Pure Reason by Kant boils down to that.
On the outside world perception,
first we have to take into consideration our five senses, namely sight, hearing,
touch, smell and taste, residing respectively:
Touch resides in the nerve endings
of the skin;
Smell resides in the pituitary, inside the nose;
Hearing lies in the ear;
Taste lies in the taste buds of the tongue; and
Vision lies in the eye.
We have, tough, to add that all senses
share a system that follows the following scheme:
1. Interface or sensory tips (skin,
nose, ear, tongue and eyes);
2. Interface Link from sensory tip to the brain,
3. Physical Brain and, more important,
4. How the involved brain "processes" the stimulus, based
5. On what was learned, is stored, it is managed and
6. Carrier Idiosyncrasy, not in the quirk sense, but in our uniqueness and singularity.
Take a look in an example for Vision
and Hearing, and come back to discuss the following:
This picture (by Erhard
Jacoby) illustrates the fact that each one of us, knowing the world
through our individual psyche, know it slightly differently from each other.
The man, the woman and the child above are looking at the same scene, but for
each one different details appear more or less lighter or darker. Only through
our conscious perception is that the world "out there" exists: we
are surrounded by something completely unknown and impenetrable (represented
by the gray background, on second plane in the picture).
What is at stake here is that there
is not a fixed point of view, but rather an evolving mobile standpoint. The
whole modernist aesthetic revolves around this. The contribution, better yet,
revolution James Joyce brought, if analysed or appreciated through words, produces
such an amount of essays, discussions, references, which is caused from the
limitations of the printed word way of approaching it and is one of the basic
areas exposed in this whole job. It is consequence of the technology put together
by Johannes Gutenberg and the privilege granted to it as "the" method
of expressing things.A quintessential demonstration of this is the collection
of essys or reviews about Finnegans Wake,
OUR EXAGMINATION ROUND HIS FACTIFICATION FOR INCAMINATION OF WORK IN PROGRESS.
What Gutenberg invention made possible
is called Print
visual Culture, which although not replacing, took over the till then
Culture. The difference between printed Visual culture point of view
(which became"standard") and the Acoustic culture point of view can
be better understood orperceived
in this article. To figure out the revolution and contribution James
Joyce brought to the Print Visual Culture, is a lot easier if you compare it
same revolution happened in painting.
Another example is a combination
between image, printed and Internet information at Famous
People trough painting.
Another good example if not the best
is The School
of Athens by Raphael.
An Encyclopedia at your finger tips!
Basically this whole job is an attempt to create an Encyclopedia on James Joyce
and his works and explore it the same way.
What is involved here is a much wider
subject and does note receive from the Ivory Tower self proclaimed "owners"
its due attention. To a point that they do not even recognise the best theoretician
on the subject which is Marshall McLuhan. I used extensively McLuhan on Ulysses
and in the
Projects portion of this jobs it becomes apparent his contribution on
elucidation and appreciation of James Joyce, besides, obviously, what he was
all about, i.e., a more detailed explanation about McLuhan, Print Visual Culture,
Acoustic Culture and LiIterature , etc.
To make an extremely long story short,
the best way is to go through The case of the Africans, which McLuhan used in
his Masters Thesis.
Although this fact exists and is
appointed, there is little intellectual exploration of him and on the Internet
only find this kind of interest on the part of people involved with aspects
of communication, especially in the graphic arts, such as the expansion that
added to the account of McLuhan in case of Africans.
The shape as an oral or alphabetic
culture settles in the brain is unknown, or not recognized as valid scientific
concept, however, no doubt that mental posture changes under the influence of
a means of better communication or radical, in relation to usual "until
then", and this is one of the largest McLuhan's insights.
Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis tried
to wake his contemporaries with insighits about it and failed. McLuhan knew
it and did not want to suffer the same fate, however, indicate the specific
dimensions of change, given its complexity and subtlety, is an extremely difficult
thing. Where would, as there are other explanations, allocating other causes.
He teamed up with Robert Logan, who
had a theory about the hemispheres of the brain.
The theory was that the two sides
of the brain control different mental and physical functions.
He was so excited that put a diagram
of the brain divided into two wall co center where she worked.
For McLuhan, the right brain, in
its interpretation and hypothesis, was the seat of acoustic things, simultaneous,
intuitive, that is, the hemisphere of the electronic age. The other hemisphere,
was connected with the visual, linear and quantitative, that is, from the phonetic
alphabet and impressions.
The famous "dissociation of
sensibility" that Eliot cometara in relation to the poetry of Dryden in
the 17th century, it would be this division of the brain.
O que está em jogo
aqui é que não existe um ponto de vista fixo, ma sim, um ponto
de vista movel que evolui.
Toda a estética
modernista gira em torno disto.
Embora este fato exista
e seja apontado, existe pouca exploração intelectual dêle
e na Internet apenas encontramos este tipo de interesse da parte de pessoas
envolvidas com os aspectos da comunicação, especialmente nas artes
gráficas, como é o
caso da expansão que acrescentei ao relato de McLuhan para o caso dos
Note bem, as imagens e
explicações para audição e visão, são
as utilizadas pela oftalmologia e pela otorrinolaringologia e os centros cerebrais
são aqueles mesmos, que sob cirurgia (lobotomia), apresentam sequelas
que significam perda ou alteração da função.
A ciência moderna
reconhece especialização funcional do cérebro por área
Não recohece lateralização,
embora a leitura do artigo da Wikipedia permita concluir que com certeza existe
A forma como uma cultura
oral ou alfabética se instala no cérebro, é desconhecida,
ou não reconhecida como noção científica válida,
porem, não há duvida que a postura mental se altera sob influencia
de um meio de comunicação maior, ou radical, em relação
ao usual "até então", e este é um dos maiores
insights de McLuhan.
Ezra Pound e Wyndham Lewis
tentaram acordar seus contemporâneos com insighits sobre isto e falharam.
McLuhan sabia disto e não queria ter a mesma sorte, porém, indicar
as dimensões especificas da mudança, tendo em vista sua sutileza
e complexidade, é uma coisa extremamente dificil. Sempre haveriam, como
existem outras explicações, alocando outras causas.
Ele associou-se com Robert
Logan, que tinha uma teoria sobre os hemisférios do cérebro.
A teoria era que os dois
lados do cérebro controlam diferente funções mentais e
Ele ficou tão entusiasmado
que colocou um diagrama do cérebro dividido em dois na parede co centro
Para McLuhan, o lado direito
do cérebro, dentro de sua interpretação e hipótese,
era a sede das coisas acústicas, simultâneas, intuitivas, ou seja,
o hemisfério da era eletrônica. O outro hemisfério, estava
ligado com o visual, o linear e o quantitativo, ou seja, do alfabeto fonético
e das impressões.
A famosa "dissociação
de sensiblidade" que Eliot cometara em relação à poesia
de Dryden no século 17, seria esta divisão do cérebro.